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Crimson-crested Woodpecker (Campephilus melanoleucos)

Trinidad

June 18, 2012

Crimson-crested Woodpecker

Nancy took this image while on a trip led by Brian Rapoza for the Tropical Audubon Society to Trinidad and Tobago.

This large woodpecker (13 to 15" long, 6 to 10 ounces), is widespread in lowland forests and their edges from Panama to Paraguay, and on Trinidad.

Adult males have a red line from the bill to the throat and in front of the crown, so that red usually encircles the eye. In females, like the one pictured here, those red areas are missing. These woodpeckers have been confused with the lineated woodpecker (Dryocopus lineatus).

Crimson-crested woodpeckers mostly eat wood-boring insects and larvae. Sometimes they supplement this diet with berries.

Their nesting hole, with a 17" to 20" diameter oval entrance, is chiseled into a large dead tree. Woodpeckers have a short incubation period (in this case 9-14 days), but long nesting periods (up to four weeks in the nest after hatching for the crimson-crested). Both parents share in all chick-rearing duties.

Photographic details: Canon EOS 7D camera w/ EF 100-400mm f/4.5-5.6L IS USM lens and EF 1.4x II extender set at 560mm. Off-camera flash was used. Camera was on f/8 for 1/500 second at ISO 800.

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Print details: maximum size Medium Printed Estimated
  Fine Art Paper N/A 71/2" x 51/2"
  Canvas N/A 12" x 9"

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